In 2013, CDC and Standard Chartered Bank (SCB) signed a risk participation agreement to increase the availability of trade finance in CDC’s markets. Following its successful implementation, the facility was gradually increased in subsequent years and reached $400 million in 2018. In 2020, CDC increased the facility to $500 million to provide additional counter-cyclical support during the COVID-19 pandemic to help mitigate the indirect economic impacts of the crisis.
The agreement allows SCB to increase its limits to local banks, which has the potential to increase the volume of short-term trade credit by up to $800 million per annum. This will allow domestic banks in Africa and South Asia to support trading businesses in importing commodities and equipment and ultimately support economic opportunities and access to goods for employees and consumers. By the end of 2020, the agreement had enabled over $10 billion in trade volumes across 13 countries in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.
Economic enabler: CDC has provided a risk-share arrangement so that SCB can extend more foreign currency trade credit to regional and domestic banks and sustain higher trade volumes than the bank can support without CDC’s support. This will enable businesses to import the commodities and equipment they need to sustain business operations, market output and contribution to GDP, ultimately leading to job/livelihood retention and the continued or increased availability of goods in the market.
Across Africa and South Asia. Since 2015, approximately 50 per cent of CDC’s trade participation under this facility has been in category ‘A’ and ‘B’ countries, e.g. Pakistan, Nigeria and Nepal. The remaining has been in category ‘C’ countries such as Kenya and Egypt.
Given the variance of industries in which the businesses operate, for characteristics of people who ultimately benefit from the enabled trades, we assume mass market characteristics and demographics of the respective geographies.
It is not possible to state the number of people who will be reached, so we use the scale of the facility and enabled trade as a proxy. Based on assumptions related to average tenor and utilisation, we anticipate that the $500 million facility will enable up to $800 million in additional trade volumes per year.
The World Bank recently adjusted growth projections for Africa from 2.4 per cent in 2019 to -2.1 to -5.1 per cent in 2020. For South Asia, regional growth has been estimated to fall to 1.8-2.8 per cent in 2020, down from 6.3 per cent projected six months earlier. As a result, impact is expected to be deeper in a context where the counterfactual has worsened (i.e. lower household welfare due to higher rates of unemployment and lower access to goods/services as a result of the COVID-19 crisis).
Market context: The global trade finance gap is estimated to be $1.5 trillion, and the average unmet demand in Africa represents 5.5 per cent or $91 billion
To help us direct our investments, we use a tool called the Development Impact Grid. The Grid scores every investment we plan out of a score of four, based on two factors: the difficulty of investing in the country and whether investment in that sector will lead to jobs.
Trade finance supports the supply chain of many industries and is key to the success of any developing economy. Since the global financial crisis, growing businesses in Africa and South Asia have struggled to access the finance they need from local banks to help them expand and reach international markets.
Our arrangement with Standard Chartered aims to boost the availability of trade finance in some of Africa and South Asia’s poorest countries. This will help to generate up to $1 billion of additional trade, supporting job creation, boosting exports and enabling regional economic growth.
The agreement will support local banks in Standard Chartered’s network in Africa and South Asia (excluding South Africa and India) to offer trade finance products to their business clients. These products, such as letters of credit for import and export and documents against payment, are crucial to businesses that rely on trade for growth and job creation.
Environmental and social aspects
We worked closely with SCB offices to ensure that international environmental and social standards were met in the delivery of each of the loans provided via the facility.
Since 2012, we’ve only invested in Africa and South Asia. Investments outside these regions are from our pre-2012 portfolio.
- Rest of the World
We have seven priority sectors. However, we continue to invest outside these sectors, largely in the most challenging regions, as new investment supporting any sector helps to underpin the private sector, and create jobs and livelihoods for people.
- Financial services
- Investment type
We provide capital in three broad ways: direct equity, debt, and intermediated equity (principally through investment funds).
- Direct Debt
- Start date
For direct investments, this is the date CDC committed capital to the business or project.
For funds, this is the date that CDC committed capital to the fund.
For underlying fund investments, this is the date that the fund invested capital into the business.e
- May 2013
For direct investments, this is the total amount that CDC has committed to the business or project (it may be a combination of equity and debt).
For funds, this is the total amount that CDC has committed to the fund.
This is the investee company’s place of incorporation; or a fund’s jurisdiction.
- United Kingdom